Romans invent Christmas


The ruins of the Temple of Saturn still dominate the west end of the Forum in Rome

“Io Saturnalia!” Two thousand years ago this was the seasonal greeting which would have chimed out across most of Europe, not “Merry Christmas”. The Roman mid-winter festival of misrule has heavily influenced many Christmas traditions – including the time of year we celebrate. Continue reading

There can be no heaven without hell.

heaven and hell

The Bible is considered to be the Good Book, and the Gospel Truth. We swear an oath in court with one hand on a Bible, and have as our motto, “In God We Trust”. God is agreed to be the God of the Bible, particularly the New Testament. Many Christians also believe the Bible is to be taken literally, even though a story of human sacrifice linked with another story about the first human couple seems mythological rather than historical. Continue reading

Image of Christ is really Cesare Borgia.

Ceasa Borgia as Jesus image

Lyrics for the rap song, B.I.B.L.E. (Basic Instructions Before Leaving Earth), include the following line: The white image, of Christ, is really Cesare Borgia. The idea that our modern image of Jesus could be based on a ruthless power-hungry illegitimate son of a pope is startling and farfetched. But it is no more bizarre or fanciful than many other ideas about who Jesus was or what he looked like. And it does have an interesting tale behind it. Continue reading

The Freedom of the Will

Arthur Schopenhauer
Arthur Schopenhauer

On the Freedom of the Will is an essay presented to the Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences in 1839 by Arthur Schopenhauer as a response to the academic question that they had posed: “Is it possible to demonstrate human free will from self-consciousness?” It is one of the constituent essays of his work Die beiden Grundprobleme der Ethik. Continue reading

United States is not a Christian nation: Treaty of Tripoli

Treaty of Tripoli

The Treaty of Tripoli (Treaty of Peace and Friendship between the United States of America and the Bey and Subjects of Tripoli of Barbary) was the first treaty concluded between the United States of America and Tripolitania, signed at Tripoli on November 4, 1796 and at Algiers (for a third-party witness) on January 3, 1797. It was submitted to the Senate by President John Adams, receiving ratification unanimously from the U.S. Senate on June 7, 1797 and signed by Adams, taking effect as the law of the land on June 10, 1797. Continue reading

“Jesus Not Coming Back By The Looks Of It” Admits Vatican

catholic bishops.

A SPOKESPERSON for the Vatican has officially announced today that the second coming of Jesus, the only son of the God, may not happen now after all, but urged followers to still continue with their faith, regardless of the news.

Cardinal Giorgio Salvadore told WWN that this years 1,981st anniversary is to be the Vatican’s last in regards to waiting for the Lord to return to Earth. Continue reading

Why so many Christians have adopted an Iron Age attitude toward brutality.

christians brutality

When conservative Christians claim that the Bible God condones torture, they’re not making it up. A close look at the good book reveals why so many Christians past and present have adopted an Iron Age attitude toward brutality. Continue reading

The Filibuster

Filibuster

A filibuster is a type of parliamentary procedure where debate is extended, allowing one or more members to delay or entirely prevent a vote on a given proposal. It is sometimes referred to as talking out a bill, and characterized as a form of obstruction in a legislature or other decision-making body. Continue reading

History of Agonalia

Angonala

An Agonalia or Agonia was an obscure archaic religious observance celebrated in ancient Rome several times a year, in honor of various divinities. Its institution, like that of other religious rites and ceremonies, was attributed to Numa Pompilius, the semi-legendary second king of Rome. Ancient calendars indicate that it was celebrated regularly on January 9, May 21, and December 11. Continue reading

Archaeologists have discovered 1,500 years old Ancient Amulet

Ancient Amulet
The amulet contains a Greek inscription, 59 letters long, which reads the same backwards as it does forwards, a feature known as a palindrome. The three letters at the very bottom, ΕΑΙ, were squeezed in and are hard to read. The amulet is about 1.4 inches by 1.6 inches (34.9 millimeters by 41.2 millimeters) in size. The inscription translates as “Iahweh is the bearer of the secret name, the lion of Re secure in his shrine.” Although the translation doesn’t read as a palindrome, the original ancient Greek text does.
Credit: Photo by Marcin Iwan, artifact from the excavations of Jagiellonian University in Krakow at Paphos Agora Continue reading

Christianity is just as ridiculous

christiamity is ridiculous

Christians seem to whine a lot about how they’re ridiculed and disrespected in the media, and how this fallen world is somehow persecuting them. I think it’s an absolutely laughable claim, especially here in the United States where Christians have far more influence on public and foreign policy than they should. Continue reading

Santa Claus Original from Turkey


Tug-of-war: An archaeologist has called on the Vatican to return the bones of St Nicholas, pictured (top) when he was the Bishop of Myra in Turkey in the 4th century and (bottom) as he is depicted now, to his home town

Very little is known about St. Nicholas’s life, except that in the fourth century he was the bishop of Myra in what is now Turkey. One of the legends surrounding him is that he saved three sisters from being forced into prostitution by their poverty-stricken father by throwing three bags of gold into their room, thus providing each of them with a dowry. This may be the source of St. Nicholas’s association with gift giving. Continue reading

Did Jesus Claim To Be God?

did jesus claim to be god?

Is Jesus God?

Have you ever met a man who is the center of attention wherever he goes? Some mysterious, indefinable characteristic sets him apart from all other men. Well, that’s the way it was two thousand years ago with Jesus Christ. But it wasn’t merely Jesus’ personality that captivated those who heard him. Those who witnessed his words and life tell us that something about Jesus of Nazareth was different from all other men. Continue reading

The Tensions Between Faith and History

tension between faith and history

Can Christian faith be reconciled with an historical approach to Jesus and the Bible?

Harold W. Attridge:
The Lillian Claus Professor of New Testament Yale Divinity Schoo

How as a scholar and a historian do you reconcile studying the Bible in a rationalist way with your Christian faith?

I suppose it’s an important part of my theological commitment that I believe that Jesus was divine in some way, but that it was Jesus who was divine. It was a human being who was divine. And that the tradition of Christianity insists very strongly on the full humanity of Jesus. And so, if I’m to understand my faith as a Christian, Continue reading

From Hebrew Bible to Christian Bible: How was all written

Torah scroll

From Hebrew Bible to Christian Bible: Jews, Christians and the Word of God
In his teaching, Jesus often quoted the Jewish Scriptures; after his death, his followers turned to them for clues to the meaning of his life and message. Biblical scholar Mark Hamilton discusses the history of these ancient texts and their significance for early Christians and their Jewish contemporaries. Continue reading

Morality of modern civilization has surpassed that of the Bible

My path out of Christianity began 30 years ago when I realized that evolution was a fact- that we evolved from very simple organisms that lived 4,000,000,000 years ago. I wondered why a god would use such a long, convoluted process to produce the desired human product, Continue reading

Bible written by self-interested clerics.

One of the indicators that the Bible is the product of self-interested men is how it treats the issue of testing, both God’s testing of human beings as well as the nearly total injunction against testing God, except when it comes to tithing. Continue reading

How Religion Poisons Everything: Christopher Hitchens

God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything is a 2007 book by the author and journalist Christopher Hitchens. Hitchens contends that organised religion is “violent, irrational, intolerant, allied to racism, tribalism, and bigotry, invested in ignorance and hostile to free inquiry, contemptuous of women and coercive toward children” and sectarian, and that accordingly it “ought to have a great deal on its conscience.” Continue reading

Christians, Muslims and Jews Are Tyrannical.

We live in a twisted world, where right is wrong and wrong reigns supreme. It is a chilling fact that most of the world’s leaders believe in nonsensical fairytales about the nature of reality. They believe in Gods that do not exist, and religions that could not possibly be true. Continue reading

Overcoming Religious Indoctrination and child danger.

religious inductrination

Religious indoctrination is real. It is a traditionally-based process of all cultures. Its power is such that peoples so affected have a ‘belief’ they have chosen their particular ‘faith’ above the many on offer throughout the planet. Continue reading

Catholic philosophy is a bit evil.

the pregnant nun
Roxana Rodriguez, circled, on the day she joined the order of the Little Disciples of Jesus

I’m sure that you’ve heard the recent news about the Nun from the ‘Little Disciples of Jesus’ convent, near Rieti Italy, who gave birth to a bouncing baby boy. ( I’m glad that her convent wasn’t named ‘Little Disciples of Innocenti’)… now THAT would be embarrassing! Continue reading

Types of Jewish humour

Jewish humor

Jewish humour is the long tradition of humour in Judaism dating back to the Torah and the Midrash from the ancient mid-east, but generally refers to the more recent stream of verbal, self-deprecating, crude, and often anecdotal humour originating in Eastern Europe and which took root in the United States over the last hundred years, Continue reading

Why Christians repeat the exact same statements over and over again?

Many atheists, myself included, have argued with Christians and Creationists so long, that we’ve noticed many of them seem to repeat the exact same statements over and over again, particularly with respect to their dismissals of what we have to say. By “dismissals”, I mean that they usually end their thread of the conversation with a put-down. Continue reading

Christian Salvation Does Not Make Any Sense

First on the list is the idea that salvation is unconditional. Grace is freely bestowed on the believer. The believer is not saved by works, or by earning it in any way; it is a gift, offered freely and without cost to the believer. Or so we are led to believe. I contend that this concept does not make sense. Continue reading